While certain injuries cannot always be prevented, there are several steps one can take in order to mitigate serious head injuries. For instance, the simple act of wearing a seat belt while driving, which is also required by Ohio law, may prevent head trauma should an accident occur. In sporting activities where falls and head contact are common, wearing a helmet is also beneficial. Falls are common and risky to both older people and children; one may reduce hazards by removing area rugs, installing handrails and keeping stairways clear of clutter.
Once a serious head injury occurs, treatment and rehabilitation are often needed. The severity of the injury is typically assessed by checking for the person's alertness, ability to follow directions, speech patterns and motor functions. Medical imaging is also used to determine if there are any fractures, bleeding, or swelling. Initial treatment focuses on addressing the physical trauma and pain relief; a person might also be monitored for any symptoms that could indicate further damage.
Traumatic brain injuries usually require a period of rehabilitation after the initial treatment. The rehabilitation team may include speech, physical and occupational therapists, a neuropsychologist and others.
The costs of treating a TBI can add up quickly in addition to a person's potential loss of income. The most severe injuries can result in long-term care needs and reduced income due to inability to return to the same occupation or work fulltime hours. A personal injury attorney might speak with a victim and help determine if the accident that resulted in the injury was caused by second-party negligence. An injured person may then be entitled to compensation.
Source: The Spectrum, "Follow tips to fight brain injuries", October 13, 2014