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September 2015 Archives

Foggy conditions and unsafe driving can lead to accidents

When Ohio motorists are driving along highways or back roads and they hit a patch of fog, it can be very difficult to safely navigate. In many cases, the fog can decrease visibility and increase the risk of a serious car crash occurring. In 2012, for example, sudden fog caused a 19-vehicle crash in Florida that left 11 people dead and 18 others with injuries.

New book aims to reduce surgical errors

A new book that focuses on decision making, communication and situational awareness in the operating room could save lives in Ohio and worldwide. The book, which was published by researchers at the University of Aberdeen in the United Kingdom, aims to reduce the number of non-technical "adverse events" that are caused by doctors and other medical staff during surgeries each year.

Ohio TBI patients and the risks of late detection

Ohio patients who have been the victim of a traumatic brain injury may find interest in a recent study that discusses the benefits of early detection. Military members who receive brain imaging soon after the injury has occurred may not only receive treatment more promptly but better treatment as well. MRI tests can help diagnose microbleeding, a trigger to such secondary conditions as stroke and swelling of the brain.

Auto defects that contribute to car crashes

Ohio motorists may have heard of a fatal Pennsylvania accident that resulted in a three-month jail sentence for one driver. The 25-year-old female driver was a victim of the auto recalls that have plagued General Motors and other manufacturers. New evidence resulted in the erasure of her plea of guilty to involuntary manslaughter after the death of her teenage passenger.

Pharmaceutical error rates vary with workload

Ohio patients should be aware of a 2015 study that indicates a rise in the number of pharmaceutical errors as the workload for pharmacists increases. Pharmacists at Houston Methodist Hospital in Houston and the University of Houston College of Pharmacy analyzed inpatient and outpatient pharmaceutical errors that were reported in 2011 and 2012 at a large Houston medical center. More than 1.9 million medication orders were managed by only 50 pharmacists, resulting in 92 medication order verification errors.

Misdiagnosis is a major problem

In many cases in Ohio, people primarily think about medication errors or surgical errors when they think about medical malpractice. A very real problem is that which occurs when a doctor gives the wrong diagnosis for a condition as well. It is generally not discussed as much due to its relative difficulty to quantify.

Misdiagnosis of nonmelanoma skin cancer

Ohio residents may be interested to learn about a recent study that shows many children and adults who develop nonmelanoma skin cancers often have risk factors for their development. Doctors need to be aware of these risk factors so that they do not later misdiagnose a cancerous or noncancerous skin lesion and so the patient can be counseled about their risks.

Serious car accident injuries with delayed symptoms

Victims of car accidents in Ohio can experience serious mental trauma as well as a multitude of physical injuries. While a lot of car accident injuries are apparent right after a crash, many have hidden and delayed symptoms that don't appear until days or weeks have gone by since the accident.

Changes in patent law obviate malpractice claim

Business owners and attorneys operating in Ohio might be interested in the details of a legal malpractice case involving intellectual property and applying still-new patent standards. Encyclopedia Britannica filed the malpractice suit in 2010 after it was unable to enforce a number of patents. The defendant in the case was the law firm that had filed the patents on Britannica's behalf in 1993.

Severe burns could cause dangerous gastrointestinal imbalances

Ohio residents may be interested in a new study that indicates people who suffer severe burns have the potential to experience harmful changes in the bacteria inside their gastrointestinal, or GI, tract. The research was published in peer-reviewed journal in July.

2 people killed in 2-truck accident

On Aug. 11, the Ohio Highway Patrol reported that a truck accident in Mahoning County killed two people just before 8 p.m. The accident took place between the Ohio Turnpike and State Route 45 and involved two tractor-trailers. Troopers say that a Toyota station wagon was rear-ended by a tractor-trailer while it was slowing down in a construction zone. The Toyota was then pushed into a second tractor-trailer in front of it, and a fire broke out.

Studies on surgeon sleep deprivation have conflicting results

Two studies on the performance of sleep-deprived surgeons have done little to answer questions for patients in Ohio who are scheduled for elective surgery. A 2009 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association compared outcomes from surgeries done by surgeons who had not gotten sufficient sleep and those who had slept properly. The rate of medical errors nearly tripled for surgeries in which the surgeon had been sleep deprived. However, a newer study found no significant difference in patient outcomes between the two groups.

Investigating truck accidents

Ohio residents might benefit from understanding more about truck accidents, as described by the National Traffic Safety Board. The NTSB has been performing investigations on high-speed exit and entryways since 1968. By 1984, the NTSB has identified repeat drunk drivers as a significant safety concern. As a result of three studies performed in 1968, 1970 and 1988, the NTSB issued 30 recommendations to the appropriate agencies. In 1990, the NTSB conducted a study to evaluate the incidence of alcohol and drug abuse among heavy-duty truck operators.

Learn the signs of concussions in kids

As Ohio parents know, football and other contact sports put young people at risk for concussions. Unfortunately, the symptoms of concussions are often overlooked, leaving kids vulnerable to more serious brain injuries. It is important to learn the warning signs of this condition in order to ensure injured children receive the prompt medical care they need.

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