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December 2015 Archives

Respiratory patients may also suffer from asthma

Ohio residents who are diagnosed with respiratory conditions may also be prone to asthma problems. A recent survey conducted by researchers in Italy included information from more than 2,000 patients, noting that approximately 33 percent of participants not treated for asthma might actually be affected by this condition in addition to their other issues. Those selected for the study were adults, and all had been treated with prescriptions for at least three different corticosteroids in the preceding year.

Medication protocols are essential to patient safety

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, medication mistakes cause approximately 700,000 emergency department visits each year across the United States. Some of these drug errors even lead to the deaths of patients. Therefore, it is critically important that nursing professionals in Ohio are familiar with the federal regulations regarding the administration of medications.

Human behavior blamed for self-driving vehicle crashes

Ohio residents may have read about the autonomous vehicle technology being developed by companies like Tesla and Google. Many people think that such vehicles will one day become ubiquitous on the nation's roads, but others fear that taking human beings out of the driving equation will result in more accidents and injuries. Research from the University of Michigan appears to support the idea that self-driving cars are not yet ready to be unleashed on America's highways. However, a closer look at the statistics reveals that the fault lies mainly with people rather than computers.

New movie deals with brain injuries in the NFL

Ohio residents may have heard about the connection between contact sports and a degenerative brain disease called chronic traumatic encephalopathy. After examining the brains of former professional football players, researchers have determined that there is a strong link between American football and CTE. Now, that link has been explored in a movie starring Will Smith.

Pros and cons of visual skin cancer exams in Ohio

According to the National Cancer Institute, an estimated 74,000 Americans will be diagnosed with melanoma in 2015, and at least 9,900 Americans will die from the disease. One way to diagnose melanoma as well as other nonfatal skin cancers could be to conduct a full-body examination. However, research indicates that there may be no link between such an examination and a reduction in the mortality or morbidity rate from skin cancer.

Electronic logging of trucking hours now required

While any accident on Ohio roads can be serious, truck-related accidents can be some of the most catastrophic, especially if an incident is attributed to driver fatigue. The size and speed of a big rig can result in serious consequences even if a driver is alert and able to make corrections before impact. A drowsy truck driver may not be able to correct in time to minimize damages. Mandated rest periods have been implemented to ensure that drivers will not be on the roads without the opportunity for proper rest. A rule that was announced in December 2015 by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration will increase accountability through electronic documentation of hours.

More outpatient medical malpractice anesthesiology claims

As an increasing number of outpatient surgeries and medical services are being performed in Ohio, there has been a corresponding increase in the proportion of medical malpractice anesthesiology claims for outpatient settings compared to overall anesthesiology claims. At the same time, the proportion of inpatient anesthesiology claims for medical malpractice has decreased.

Common prostate cancer treatment linked to Alzheimer's

Ohio men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer have a new concern to think about as they consider their treatment options. Researchers at Stanford University and the University of Pennsylvania have investigated the possible relationship between androgen deprivation therapy, an established method of treating prostate cancer, and Alzheimer's disease. Their findings support the probability of an association between the therapy and an increased risk of an Alzheimer's diagnosis.

Attractive nuisances lure children into danger

For many Ohio residents, the term "attractive nuisance" may seem like a contradiction. Nuisance is commonly used to describe something that is annoying, but the legal tort of nuisance applies to dangerous as well as irritating situations. The term is used to describe something that is both dangerous and highly alluring to children, and it was first applied to railroad turntables in a 19th Century U.S. Supreme Court decision.

Ohio Supreme Court upholds attorney's disbarment

An Ohio attorney has been permanently prohibited from practicing law in the state by a majority ruling of the Ohio Supreme Court. Charges were filed against the attorney by the Lake County Bar Association in February 2014 after questions were raised about his conduct in a number of cases. The embattled lawyer blamed his problems on depression caused by a series of personal tragedies, but he admitted that he had violated several rules of professional conduct. The Supreme Court upheld the man's disbarment by a 4-3 vote.

Diagnostic errors attributed to 10 percent of patient deaths

People in Ohio seeking medical care should attempt to describe their symptoms as clearly as possible. Questioning a physician or getting a second medical opinion could help a person avoid a missed diagnosis. Medical researchers recommend vigilance on the part of patients because delayed or inaccurate diagnoses happen to at least 5 percent of people receiving outpatient care. The Institute of Medicine asserts that approximately 10 percent of patient deaths arise from diagnostic errors.

Weekend births may have more complications

Parents-to-be in Ohio may be interested in research out of England on the difference in outcomes between babies born on weekends and babies born during the week. In the medical profession, a phenomenon known as the weekend effect occurs across many disciplines in which patients fare more poorly on weekends compared to weekdays, but there has been little study of this effect in the field of obstetrics.

Certain older patients can recover from severe brain injuries

Ohio readers may be interested to learn about a new study that shows some patients over the age of 75 can recover from severe traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs. The study, which was conducted by the Helsinki University Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, is the first to report the results of elderly patients who have been surgically treated for subdural hematomas.

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